Spinal fusion surgery involves joining two or more bones in your spine together, permanently. Spinal fusion means that the surgeon locks together some of the bones in the spine. Spinal fusion limits the movement of these bones, which may help relieve pain.
Generally, minimally invasive spinal fusion is less traumatic to the body than traditional spinal fusion because conventional spinal fusion surgery involves cutting through back muscles. Unlike traditional spinal fusion surgery, incisions made for minimally invasive spinal fusion are small. Surgical instruments are guided through the openings using tiny video cameras. Because of the smaller incisions and reduced trauma to the back’s muscles and soft tissue, recovery may be faster and safer with minimally invasive fusion surgery.